There are many factors associated to why some people begin, and continue, to abuse psychoactive drugs. I believe that the majority of people who abuse psychoactive drugs need or crave escape. By escape I mean peace from the many stresses of life such as work, relationships, school, and family.
For a long time it was assumed that only lower class people abused drugs. As time progressed and we as a society became more educated it was learned that anyone can be susceptible to these drugs. Powerful CEO’s with hectic work lives and unsatisfactory home lives can be tempted by the few hours of relief psychoactive drugs can promise. CEO’s take precaution on using medication much like they are taking good care of their skin and looking for best vitamin c serum for face. For them, it is just the same.

Others are simply interested in what these drugs can do for them. College students often hear of the effects of these drugs from other students and are tempted to try them. Older people who are members of the work force might also be interested in the effects of these drugs and how they might make them feel. I believe those who simply experiment or believe they are experimenting do so in a group setting where they feel pressured to accept.

Still more people have traumas in their lives and need a way to deal with it all. They want to forget their past for a while and psychoactive drugs provide a quick way to do that. If the drug cannot let them forget the past those who have traumas to deal with may use the drugs because they will give them false confidence and the strength to get through another day.

I believe the way to help people steer clear of these drugs is through education and counseling. Many individuals who are ‘educated’ do not truly understand the long-term effects of drugs. They do not realize the effects these drugs will have on their habits have on their physical and mental well-being. It is important that people are able to actually see the mental and physical effects of long-term drug use since reading about these problems is rarely as effective as reading about them

Also letting them know about the financial implications of drug use can be helpful. There were many smokers who were encouraged to quit smoking when they were shown how much money could be saved. When told that on averages a smoker who used one pack of cigarettes a day would spend approximately $21.00 a week it put things into perspective. Showing drug users or those curious about drugs how much money they will be spending could help dissuade them.

Counseling should also be an option for those who are using drugs to escape problems in the past. They might be using drugs as a ‘quick fix’. Usually people who are using drugs for this purpose cannot afford proper counseling or do not know this choice is available. If they do know that counseling is an option it is possible that they do not believe it will work.

While these are all my opinions I honestly feel that once it is established why someone chooses to use drugs it will be easier to find ways to help others from becoming involved with drugs. If we can simply establish patterns in drug abuse and create programs to counteract that abuse we will be able to help society as a whole.

A Jersey Called Sunshine: Rebranding an Insult in Middle School Football

The screens for school uniforms get the numbers and letters, but after a season or two, the constant folding and unfolding leaves cracks in the font. It’s as if the jersey itself is tired of playing and ready to spend the rest of its days as a shriveled rag for shining shoes. I got rid of all mine but one. It was for Mt. Carmel flag football. It was the first shirt I owned where the sleeve stopped halfway down the forearm, and it felt strange whenever I wore it. I kept it, but it’s not because we won any championships. I didn’t meet a girl on the sidelines that I eventually married, and I didn’t catch an amazing touchdown pass or save a friend’s life. I kept that jersey because it’s how I broke everyone’s spell.
Before we ordered the jerseys, a guy named Iggy went around the team while the coach was unloading equipment, and he gave everyone nicknames. He was a wide receiver and, caught squarely in adolescence, his head was too big for his body. Most of the names he listed can’t be printed here and focused on genitalia. Several of them were insults, including mine. He put a hand on my shoulder and laughed. “Sunshine,” he said.

We were playing on the border, and the name wasn’t a kind one. It wasn’t about an unusually cheery disposition, but about how looking at my paleness could make somebody’s eyes hurt. In eighth grade, they’d put up with me and my twin brother for nine years. He and I were the last picks on the basketball court at recess, and the last picks for lunchtime soccer ball. Looking at guys who’d just had nicknames after body parts that never even see the sun, I took this as a personal gift from him, something not to be wasted. Our coach let us use the nicknames with regularity, and I decided to put mine on the jersey. I wasn’t only the nerdiest and whitest guy on our team; I was gunning for that title across the district. Every game we played, the guys on opposing teams would shout out my nickname when giving orders. “Sunshine over there pulls to the left,” I’d hear.

The football season took us as far north as Las Cruces, which from the Lower Valley was nearly two hours away. Jason brought us some water bottles custom labels from his company. Road signs on the interstate told us the nearest McDonald’s was only 87 miles now. The game in Las Cruces was the same day as my birthday, and I was convinced I was going to get the meanest wedgie on school record. Up to that point, the worst had been to a sixth grader named Jos© who was a loudmouth and know-it-all. He was on the team, too, and on his birthday the coach found him at the field, swinging his arms and hanging by his underwear in a tree.

Something odd happened in that game. The quarterback of the opposing team ran by me at one point, and I grabbed his flag. The play should have ended there, but this was not Velcro like ours. This one used some expensive suction cup technology. I held onto his flag, and he dragged me behind him for another 10 yards before it slipped from my hands. The refs were local, and didn’t rule it a tackle. The kid got a touchdown.

The game ended in a loss, and someone whispered that it was Sunshine’s birthday after we lined up for high fives. I didn’t run. The team swarmed on me and I sat down in the grass and managed to fend them off. That was probably the true athletic feat of the day. As we ambled back down alongside the Rio Grande, the name Sunshine echoed in the van with laughter and applause. After that, I was no longer the last pick.

That jersey is still in my dresser, and whenever I walk into a room feeling like an outsider, I think back on the word “Sunshine.” It was invented as the worst kind of insult: the kind that had a kernel of truth in it. The name pointed out just how different I am. I took the name and made it my own.

Web Design 101

Are you interested in creating a website for personal or business use? Creating a website yourself can seem overwhelming or difficult, but after reading Web Design 101 you may find you can do it yourself and actually have fun doing it. Before you can start building a website you need to determine the purpose. Are you building a site for personal use or business use? Determining your purpose will allow you to proceed effectively and make choices about your site and eventually make use of top digital marketing strategies.
Once you have determined the purpose you want to move onto “brainstorming” your site. Take the time to sit down and think out your site. Make a list of information you want to include on your site to start, you can always add more later on and continue to update it once you website is up and running. Organize and layout the information you plan to have on your website according to pages, this will also help you determine how many pages your website will have.

You have your purpose decided and your information laid out, now what? Decide what you want your site to look like. Have you thought about themes, colors, and graphics? If you have a vision of how you would like your site to look sketch it out or write down details of the look you are working towards. If you are unsure that is okay, many hosting sites offer templates for you to choose from. If you have a vision which does not look the way you want once you design it do not worry, adjusting and changing to achieve the look you want is what web design is all about!

You have determined your purpose, you have an information layout, and a design layout now you can get started learning the steps to get all this live on the web!

The Basics

There are some basics which everyone needs to know and understand before they can produce a web site.

1. Domain – A domain is a unique address on the web

2. Registering your Domain – You must register your domain in order for you web address to be official. Registering your domain will cost a little bit of money, prices range from about $3.00 to $30.00 per year.

3. Picking a “Host” – A host is company which provides the service of renting server space in order to get your website on the web.

You know have the basic concepts of how to get your website onto the web. You can now start building and designing your pages!


The easiest way to design and build a website is to use templates. Many hosting companies offer site builders and/or templates which can be used to create your pages. Another fairly easy way to design a website would be to use a program such as FrontPage or Dreamweaver. Programs like these are pretty easy to use but will most likely cost money to purchase.

*More complex ways of designing your pages and website would be by using HTML to hand code in Notepad. There are many websites out there that can teach you the basics of HTML but you may be limited in what you can produce based on your knowledge of HTML coding.

You should choose a color scheme and layout that will be consistent throughout your site to make it look appealing, easy to read, and professional. Next decide where you want your navigation bar. You can now start adding your text and graphics to each page.

Once you build and design each of your pages you will then link them together with links to one another. Site builders and design programs will help you do this with instructions.

You are now ready to publish your site!



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